PERAN SEKTOR INFORMAL TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN DAERAH: PENDEKATAN DELPHI-IO DAN APLIKASI



Tri Widodo(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper analyzes theoritically and empirically the role of informal sectors on the local economic development. In general, the local governments do not put the informal sectors as a focus of the local economic development. Regular data collection regarding to the informal sectors is almost unavailable. This paper derives a method in analysing the role of the informal sectors in local economy by combining quantitative (non survey) and qualitative (survey) method. Input-Output (IO) Table analysis is applied. Survey (Delphi method) is conducted to get the information about the contribution of the informal sectors. This information is used to derive the Input-Ouput Table (IO*) which put into account the role of the informal sectors. Therefore, some parameters (multipliers and linkages) calculated from IO and IO* are compared. This paper applies the method to look at Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) as a case study. Some conclusions are withdrawn in the case of DIY: first, the informal sectors give a positive contribution to local economic development in terms of output, income, employment and sectoral linkages. Second, the role of informal sectors has to be limmited in some certain level.


Keywords


Informal sectors, Input-Output Analysis, Delphi Method

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References

Bernabe, Sabine. 2002. “Informal Employ-ment in Countries in Transition: A conceptual framework”. Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London: London School of Economics

Chames, Jacques. 2004. “The Contibution of Informal Sector to GDP in Developing Countries: Assessment, Estimates, Methods, Orientations for the Future”. http://www.mospi.nic.in/informal_paper_01.htm

Gerxhani, Klarita. 1999. “The Informal Sector in Developed and Less Developed Countries”. Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam


ILO. 2000. “The Informal Sector”. International Labor Organization (ILO), Bangkok: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.


Todaro, Michael dan Stephen C. Smith. 2003. Economic Development. Eight edition. Essex: Pearson Education Limited


Toomel, Katrin. 2001. “Empowering the Informal Sector”. World Habitat Day 2001.




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