INSTITUTIONAL AND SPATIAL EFFECTS ON MANUFACTURING PERFORMANCE IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE: THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND THE NEW ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY PERSPECTIVE

https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.6217

Abdul Aziz Ahmad(1*), Prasetyo Soepono(2), Wihana Kirana Jaya(3)

(1) Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In the economic view, the manufacturing sector is important in relationship to its role in economic
growth and the whole economy. This empirical work examines why manufacturing disparity
exists, and what institutional and spatial factors empirically have an important effect on
the manufacturing sector development in Central Java Province, Indonesia. The variables that
are identified that have an influence on the manufacturing performance are ethno linguistic,
legal rules, bureaucratic financial performance, democracy, city fascination, regional location
index, the manufacturing base, infrastructure, the labor force, the intermediary finance institution
and the types of regional administration (regency and city). To analyze it, this research
uses the spatial econometric method on its methodological analyses. It is used to reduce the
potential problem that arose in the cross section and panel data which had spatial interaction,
and spatial structure. This empirical work shows that all of the institutional variables have
positive and significant effects on the dependent variable. The other result is that every spatial
variable also tends to have a positive and significant impact on manufacturing development.
For economic policy, labor activity, the roles of financial intermediaries and infrastructure
variables also have a positive effect on the manufacturing development.
Keywords: manufacturing disparity, spatial econometrics, institutional, ethno linguistic,
regional location index


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.6217

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