PERAN PEMBANGUNAN SEKTOR KEUANGAN DALAM MOBILISASI DANA DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI



Wihana Kirana(1*), Nurwadono Nurwadono(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Upaya pembangunan sektor keuangan yang membebaskan sektor keuangan dari adanya financial repression mendorong suku bunga ke tingkat yang lebih tinggi. Tingginya suku bunga ini mempunyai beberapa pengaruh positif yang belum banyak diungkapkan di antaranya adalah mobilisasi dana dan pertumbuhan ekonomi. Hasil pengamatan di Indonesia, ternyata deregulasi sektor keuangan yang difakukan membawa hasil dalam mobilisasi dana masyarakat, tetapi tidak mempunyai pengaruh dalam meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan ekonomi.


Keywords


Pembangunan Sektor Keuangan, Mobilisasi Dana, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi

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References

Fry, Maxwell J. Money Interest and Banking in Economic Development, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1988. Nasution, Anwar, Tinjauan Ekonomi Atas Dampak Paket Deregulasi Tahun 1988 Pada Sistem Keuangan Indonesia. Gramedia, Jakarta, 1990. Mikesell, Raymond F. and Zinser, James E., "The Nature of The Savings Function in DCs: A Survey of the Theoritical and Empirical Literature", Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 11, No.1, March 1973. Jung, Woo S., "Financial Development and Economic Growth: International Evidence", Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 34, No.2, January 1986. Insukindro, A Money Supply Model For Indonesia 1971-1982, thesis (unpublished), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1984. .........., "Regresi Linear Lancung Dalam Analisis Ekonomi: Suatu Tinjauan Dengan Satu Studi Kasus Di Indonesia", Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Indonesia, Universitas Gadjah Mada, No. 1 Tahun VI, 1991. Molho, Lazaros E., "Interest Rates, Saving and Investment in Developing Countries: A ReExamination of the McKinnon-Shaw Hypothesis", IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 33, No.1, March 1986. Arief, Sritua, "Kebijaksanaan Penaikan Suku Bunga", dalam Arief (ed), Dari Prestasi Pembangunan Sampai Ekonomi Politik, Ul-Press, Jakarta. 1990.




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