PEMBENTUKAN MODEL DALAM PENELITIAN EKONOMI



Insukindro Insukindro(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Dalam suatu penelitian, pembentukan model sebagai perwujudan dari suatu abstraksi berbagai aspek realita (dunia nyata) merupakan suatu kegiatan yang penting. Kegiatan semacam ini dapat dijumpai di semua segi kebidupan dan sisi atau bagian dari ilmu pengetahuan, termasuk ilmu ekonomi. Perwujudan abstraksi tersebut dapat dinyatakan dalam bentuk matematis, gratis, skema, diagram dan bentuk-bentuk lainnya. Namun de-mikian, pembentukan model itu sendiri hanyalah merupakan "suatu panduan" dan dipengaruhi berbagai faktor, misalnya: tujuan yang dicanangkan, perilaku pemeran dalam sistem yang diamati, kelembaqaan yang ada, dan persepsi si pembuat model mengenai realita yang dihadapi.

Tulisan ini bermaksud mengetengahkan beberapa aspek pembentukan model dalam penelitian atau analisis ekonomi, khususnya analisis atau model ekonometri. Pembahasan yang diketengahkan mencakup langkah-langkah pembentukan model, anggapan, persamaan, penggambaran dan permasalahan dalam model ekonomi. Berkaitan dengan itu, model ekonomi yang diungkapkan meliput suatu konstruksi teoritis dan yang dapat ditaksir, serta terdiri dari himpunan konsep, definisi, anggapan, persamaan dan kesamaan yang memungkinkan diturunkannya suatu kesimpulan.


Keywords


Pemodelan Penelitian Ekonomi, Pemodelan, Pembentukan Model



References

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