Predicting and Preventing Sudden Cardiac Death in the Young

https://doi.org/10.22146/aci.47674

Erika Maharani(1*)

(1) Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada – Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is an unexpected death condition and occurs with unknown causes or cardiac condition. The SCD incidence at young age is a rare condition but when this condition happens it become traumatic event for both family and community.  Incidence rate of death on 1-35 years old is around 0.8-2.8/100.000 each year. This number also varies according to age and sex. Death incidence on 1-4 years old is more common than on 5-10 years old group. This number is increasing after 15 years old, where age of 31-35 years has 10 fold risk of SCD compared to 1-10 years old group. Ratio of SCD in men and woman are 2: 1. Early detection of underlying heart disease is the most important action of preventio. If young people are known to have a risk of SCD, the lifestyle changing and appropriate medical therapy, including implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator, according to risk stratification must be done.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/aci.47674

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