Correlation Analysis Between Livestock Population and Livestock Production in Indonesia During 2009 – 2018



Roza Azizah Primatika(1*), Dyah Ayu Widiasih(2), Dorothea Vera Megasari(3)

(1) Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Department of Pathology Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Livestock product is one of the essential materials to maintain human body endurance. It is the source of some proteins which are significant for human health. The Indonesian government has also been keeping the growth of livestock productivity because the population growth can influence the consumption of some animal origin products. The objective of this research was to determine the correlation between livestock population and production in Indonesia on 2009-2018. The secondary data from the Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistics 2018, including the population of beef cattle, laying hens, goat, broiler, and the production of beef, eggs, lamb, and chicken meat in 2009 - 2018 was analyzed. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation analysis were used for the statistical analysis. This research concluded that there were correlations between population and the production of goat, laying hens, and broiler (sig. < 0.05). However, there was no correlation between population and the production of beef cattle (sig. > 0.05). The important thing to increase the livestock production is grazing system.

Key words: Livestock Populatio; Livestock Production; Statistics Descriptive; Correlation Analysis 


Full Text:

PDF


References

[AWI]. Animal Welfare Institute. 2018. The Critical Relationship Between Farm Animal Health and Welfare. Washington DC.

[BPS]. Badan Pusat Statistik (Central Bureau of Statistics). 2018. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2018. BPS-Statistics Indonesia : Jakarta. Abdela N. 2016. Important Cattle Ticks and Tick Born Haemoparasitic Disease in Ethiopia: A Review. Acta Parasitologica Globalis. 7: 12-20.

Anonym. 2013. The Life of: Broiler chickens [internet]. Comppasion in World Farming. [cited 2019 Feb 27]. https://www.ciwf.org. uk/media/5235306/The-life-of-Broilerchickens.pdf

Anonym. 2017. Market snapshot of beef in Indonesia [internet]. North Sydney NSW, Australia: Meat and Livestock Australia. [cited 2019 Feb 20]. Available from: http:// www.mla.com.au

Barkley, Melanie E., Karen Knoll., Lynn F. Kime., Jayson K. Harper. 2005. Meat Goat Production. the Small-scale and Part-time Farming Project at Penn State with support from the U.S. Department of AgricultureExtension Service. [internet]. [cited 2020 May 28]. Available from: https://extension. psu.edu/meat-goat-production

Delgado, C., Rosegrant, M., Steinfeld, H., Ehui, S., and Courbois, C., 1999. Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution. Food, Agriculture, and the Environment Discussion Paper 28. International Food Policy Research Institute, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United 

Nations, and International Livestock Research Institute. FAO. 2018. FAOSTAT. http://www.fao.org/ faostat/en/?#data FAO. 2018a. Chapter 1-Egg Production [internet]. [cited 2019 Feb 27]. http://www.fao. org/3/Y4628E/y4628e03.htm FAO. 2018b. Chapter 1: Livestock, environment and human needs [internet]. [cited 2019 Feb 27]. http://www.fao.org/3/x5305e/ x5305e02.htm

Forouzanfar, M.H et al.,. 2016. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmentaland occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990-2013: A systematic analysis forthe Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.Lancet386,2287–2323. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)001282;pmid:26364544

Hlatshwayo, Motseki. 2018. Beef Cattle Management : A Nutritional Focus. Directorat Animal and Agriculture Production : Department Agriculture Republic of Africa. [internet]. [cited 2020 May 28]. https://www. nda.agric.za/doaDev/sideMenu/ animalAndAquacultureProduction/docs/ Beef%20Cattle%20Management.pdf

Jilo K, Abdela N, Adem A. 2016. Insufficient Veterinary Service as a Major Constrants in Pastoral Area of Ethiopia: A Review. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 6: 94-101.

Lieboldt, M., Frahm, J., Schrader, L., Baulain, U., Henning, M., and Preisinger, R. 2015. Phylogenic versus selection effects on growth development, egg laying and egg quality in purebred laying hens. Eur. Poult. Sci. 79:22.

Popp A, Lotze-Campen H, Bodirsky B. 2010. Food consumption, diet shifts and associated non-CO2 greenhouse gases from agricultural production. Global Environmental Change. 20:451–462.

Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M, de Haan C. 2006. Livestock’s Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options. Rome: Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations. Thornton, P., K, Gerber, P., J. 2010. Climate change and the growth of the livestock sectorin developing countries. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change,15,169–184.

Watson, Paul., Aviva Petrie. 2013. Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science. Third Edition. Wiley-Blackwell. USA. Widi, T., M., Agus., A. 2018. Current situation and future prospects for beef cattle production in Indonesia — A review. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci Vol. 31, No. 7:976-983 July 2018. pISSN 10112367 eISSN 1976-5517. https://doi. org/10.5713/ajas.18.0233.




Article Metrics

Abstract views : 68 | views : 33

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright of IJVS (Indonesian Journal of Veterinary Sciences) ISSN......(online).

Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Fauna No.2, Karangmalang, Yogyakarta

Phone: 0274-560862

Fax: 0274-560861

Email: ijvs.fkh@ugm.ac.id

Indonesian Journal of Vaterinary Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.