Fault Location Algorithm for HVDC Transmission Based on Synchronized Fault Time


Kristianto Adi Widiatmoko(1*), F. Danang Wijaya(2), Tumiran Tumiran(3)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


To determine the fault location of the dc line fault in an HVDC transmission system, a new algorithm based on the traveling wave method and learning based method is proposed in this paper. The relationship between the traveling wave time of arrival differences with fault location is presented.  The differences in traveling wave time of arrival measured at both ends of transmission line combined with associated fault locations form a fault pattern which is used to perform a simple calculation in order to determine the disturbance location. The fault current for different fault locations is simulated using the electromagnetic transient simulation software EMTDC/PSCAD. Performance of the proposed fault location algorithm is investigated using various fault location and resistance. The impact of data sampling rate also being investigated here. The simulation result shows that the proposed algorithm can reduce the sampling frequency and the number of train feature with the same accuracy.


HVDC; Transmission; Fault Location; Traveling Wave; Double-end

Full Text:



Z. He, K. Liao, X. Li, S. Lin, J. Yang, and R. Mai, "Natural Frequency-Based Line Fault Location in HVDC Lines," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 851-859, April 2014.

H. Livani and C.Y. Evrenosoglu, “A Single-Ended Fault Location Method for Segmented HVDC Transmission Line,” Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 107, pp. 190 – 198, 2014.

J. Suonan, S. Gao, G. Song, Z. Jiao, and X. Kang, "A Novel Fault-Location Method for HVDC Transmission Lines," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 1203-1209, April 2010.

C. Li and P. He, "Fault-Location Method for HVDC Transmission Lines Based on Phase Frequency Characteristics," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 912-916, 2018.

J.M. Johnson and A. Yadav, "Complete Protection Scheme for Fault Detection, Classification, and Location Estimation in HVDC Transmission Lines Using Support Vector Machines," IET Science, Measurement & Technology, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 279-287, 2017.

L. Shang, G. Herold, J. Jaeger, R. Krebs, and A. Kumar, "High-Speed Fault Identification and Protection for HVDC Line Using Wavelet Technique," 2001 IEEE Porto Power Tech Proceedings, 2001, pp. 1-5.

Y. Hao, Q. Wang, Y. Li, and W. Song, “An Intelligent Algorithm for Fault Location on VSC-HVDC System,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 94, pp. 116 – 123, 2018.

M. Farshad and J. Sadeh, "A Novel Fault-Location Method for HVDC Transmission Lines Based on Similarity Measure of Voltage Signals," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 2483-2490, Oct. 2013.

E.O. Schweitzer, A. Guzman, M.V. Mynam, V. Skendzic, B. Kasztenny, and S. Marx, "Protective Relays with Traveling Wave Technology Revolutionize Fault Locating," IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 114-120, March-April 2016.

Y. Zhang, N. Tai, and B. Xu, "Fault Analysis and Traveling-Wave Protection Scheme for Bipolar HVDC Lines," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 1583-1591, July 2012.

S. Deb and H.K. Verma, "Selection of Fault Discriminators for Unit Protection of Monopolar HVDC Transmission System," 2017 3rd International Conference on Condition Assessment Techniques in Electrical Systems (CATCON), 2017, pp. 20-25.

M. Szechtman, T. Margaard, J.P. Bowles, C.V. Thio, D. Woodford, Wess, R. Joetten, G. Liss, M. Rashwan, P.C. Krishnayya, P. Pavlinec, V. Kovalev, K. Maier, J. Gleadow, J.L. Haddock, N. Kaul, R. Bunch, R. Johnson, G. Dellepiane, and N. Vovos, “The Cigre HVDC Benchmark Model - A New Proposal With Revised Parameters,” Electra, Vol. 157, pp. 61–66, Dec 1994.

D. Kwon, H. Moon, R. Kim, C. Kim, and S. Moon, "Modeling of CIGRE Benchmark HVDC System Using PSS/E Compared with PSCAD," 2015 5th International Youth Conference on Energy (IYCE), 2015, pp. 1-8.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijitee.44926

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 206 | views : 70


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 IJITEE (International Journal of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

ISSN  : 2550-0554 (online)

Contact :

Department of Electrical engineering and Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering
Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Grafika No 2 Kampus UGM Yogyakarta

+62 (274) 552305

Email : ijitee.ft@ugm.ac.id