Pengembangan Sistem Ground Control Station Berbasis Internet Webserver pada Pesawat Tanpa Awak

Fredy Aga Nugroho(1*), Raden Sumiharto(2), Roghib Muhammad Hujja(3)

(1) Program Studi Elektronika dan Instrumentasi, FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(2) Departemen Ilmu Komputer dan Elektronika, FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(3) Departemen Ilmu Komputer dan Elektronika, FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


In unmanned aerial operations, the ground control station duties as a monitoring and command station so that operators on land can send mission orders, monitor the mission's course and monitor the condition of the UAV during the mission. It is necessary to have a GCS system capable of connecting with UAV that not limited with control transmitter range.

This research develops GCS system using internet network and web server based. the system consists of two units, namely flying units and GCS units. The flying unit consists of Raspberry pi, modem, webcam, ADAHRS module and quadrotor with MultiWii controller. on the GCS unit consists of Raspberry pi connected on the internet network with 10Mbps download speed and 1.5Mbps upload.

The GCS system can display aircraft conditions, stream video and perform command controls. Configure streaming video for delay time of no more than one second with 240x144 pixel resolution, 256kbps maximum bitrate and 5 fps framerate. This configuration runs at a 1.1 Mbps upload speed with a percentage of 93.83% bitrate compression. Aircraft condition data sent to GCS is optimal if internet bandwidth exceeds the bitrate of streaming video used on the system


UAV;GCS;Raspberry Pi;Video streaming;Web Server;Electronics; Instrumentation

Full Text:



[1]      E. Torun, “UAV Requirements and Design Consideration,” The Research and Technology Organization (RTO) of NATO, pp. B1–8, 2000 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 02-Jun-2017]

[2]      A. A. Farghani, R. Sumiharto, S. B. Wibowo, “Purwarupa Ground Control Station untuk Pengamatan dan Pengendalian Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Bersayap Tetap,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-10, 2013 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 02-Jun-2017]

[3]      U. W. T. P. Putro, T. K. Priyambodo, and R. Sumiharto, “Pengembangan Antarmuka Stasiun Pemantauan Pesawat Tanpa Awak Menggunakan Aplikasi Android,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 113–122, 2014 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 01-Jun-2017]

[4]      A. P. Manggala, R. Sumiharto, S. B. Wibowo, “Purwarupa Air Data, Attitude, dan Heading Reference System untuk Unmanned Aerial Vehicle,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 21-32, 2012 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 04-Jun-2017]

[5]      E. N. Wijatsongko, A. E. Putra, B. N. Prastowo, “Sistem Pemantauan Ruangan Dengan Server Raspberry Pi,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 65-76, 2015 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 04-Jun-2017]

[6]      D. Holandrio, R. Sumiharto, B. A. A. Sumbodo, “Sistem Video Streaming dengan Server Mini Personal Computer (Mini Pc) pada Jaringan Ad-Hoc,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 165-174, 2012 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 02-Jul-2017]

[7]      F. R. Hadiputra, T. K. Priyambodo, “Purwarupa Pengendalian Jarak Jauh Pada Mobile Robot Berbasis Web Melalui Jaringan Wireless TCP/IP,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 105-116, 2016 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 01-Jun-2017]

[8]      Khan, A., Sun, L. and Ifeachor, E., 2009, June. Content clustering based video quality prediction model for MPEG4 video streaming over wireless networks. In Communications, 2009. ICC'09. IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1-5). Available: IEEE. [Accessed: 01-Jun-2017]

[9]      S. S. Henura, T. W. Widodo, “Rancang Bangun Sistem Jaringan Nirkabel untuk Pemantauan Penggunaan Air Pelanggan PDAM,” ,” IJEIS (Indonesian J. Electron. Instrum. Syst., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 155-164, 2015 [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 04-Jun-2017]

[10]    I. F. Priyanta, M. Rivai, R. Dikairono, “Pemetaan Distribusi Gas Polutan Menggunakan Quadcopter Berbasis Autonomous Waypoint Navigation,” Jurnal Teknik ITS, vol. 5 no. 2, pp. 154-159, 2016 [online]. Available: [Accessed: 04-Jun-2017]


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1294 | views : 823


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of :
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentations Systems)
ISSN 2088-3714 (print); ISSN 2460-7681 (online)
is a scientific journal the results of Electronics
and Instrumentations Systems
A publication of IndoCEISS.
Gedung S1 Ruang 416 FMIPA UGM, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
Fax: +62274 555133 |

View My Stats1
View My Stats2