Gender Dependence In Mouth Opening Dimensions In Normal Adult Malaysians Population

https://doi.org/10.22146/theindjdentres.9983

Ramizu Shaari(1*), Teoh Eng Hwa(2), Shaifulizan Abdul Rahman(3)

(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


While measurement of mouth opening is an important clinica examination in diagnosis and management of oral disease, data on non-Western populations are limited. This study was therefore conducted to determine the range of mouth opening in normal Malaysian male and female adults. A total of 34 dental students of Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) were chosen randomly and their maximum mouth opening was measured after being asked to open their mouth sufficiently to accommodate three fingers. Measurement was performed from the edge of the upper incisor to the lower incisor using a caliper divider. The difference of median values between male (47.6 mm) and female (40.8 mm) were significant respectively (p<0.05). Thus the width of mouth opening in Malaysian student population is gender dependent although further study with a larger sample size and with other ethnic groups should be carried out, focusing on age.

Keywords


Mouth opening; dentistry;

Full Text:

PDF


References

Gallagher C, Gallagher V, Whelton H, Cronin M. 2004. The normal range of mouth opening in an Irish population. J Oral Rehabil 31: 110−6.

Dijkstra PU, Sterken MW, Peter R, Spijkervet 2. FKL, Roodenburg JLN. 2007. Exercise therapy for trismus in head and neck cancer. J Oral Oncology 43: 389-94.

Cox SC, Walker DM. 1997. Establishing a normal 3. range for mouth opening: its use in screening for submucous fibrosis. Br J of Oral Maxillofac Surg 35: 40-2.

Yao KT, Lin, CC, Hung CH. 2009. Maximum mouth 4. opening of ethnic chinese in Taiwan. J Dent Sci 4: 40-4.

Zafar Q, Ummer K. 2002. Assessment of normal 5. mouth opening in adults. Pak Oral Dental Journal 22: 147-8.

Fonseca FJ. 2009. Temporomadibular disorders. 6. In: Fonseca RJ, Baker SB, and Wolford LM, Ed. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd ed. Saunders Elsevier: 890-903.

Celic R, Jerolimov R, Zlataric DK. 2004. Relationship of slightly limited mandibular movements to temporomandibular disorders. Brazilian Dental Journal 15: 151-4.

Dupont WD, Plummer WD. 1997. PS power and sample size program available for free on the internet. Controlled Clin Trials 18: 274. http://www.mc.vanderbilt.edu/prevmed/ps.htm

Wood G, Branco J. 1997. A comparison of three methods of measuring maximal opening of the mouth. Journal Oral Surgery 37: 175-7.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/theindjdentres.9983

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1338 | views : 1290

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






  
   

 

 

 

website statistics

 

View My Stats