Faktor yang berhubungan dengan non-konversi BTA positif pada pengobatan tuberkulosis paru di kota Semarang

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.7674

Marizan Marizan(1*), Yodi Mahendradhata(2), Trisno Agung Wibowo(3)

(1) Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Tanggamus
(2) Departemen Kebijakan dan Manajemen Kesehatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Balai Laboratorium Kesehatan Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Factors related to non-conversion smear positive among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in the city of Semarang

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to non-conversion of smear positive in treatment of new tuberculosis cases.

Methods

This study used a case control design and sampling by proportional random sampling technique. Samples were patients with smear grade positive pulmonary tuberculosis who were new cases of intensive phase of treatment and have repeated sputum examination. The numbers of samples in this research were 128 sample cases and 128 controls.

Results

The factors associated with the conversion of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis treatment of new cases were age, sex, drug side effects, comorbidities and gradation smear results. The three variables that proved to jointly influence the incidence of smear positive conversion in the treatment of new cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were sputum smear results gradation, comorbidities and gender.

Conclusion

It is necessary to design an appropriate drug taking supervisor for patients with positive smear positive results with +2 and +3 gradations and patients with comorbidities (HIV, hepatitis, diabetes mellitus).


Keywords


non-conversion; smear positive; pulmonary tuberculosis



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.7674

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