STUDY OF THE USE OF BIOFILTER REACTOR FOR GREYWATER PROCESSING IN THE AREA OF FLOATING SETTLEMENT KELURAHAN MARGASARI KOTA BALIKPAPAN TOWARD THE CONCEPT OF ZERO WASTE

https://doi.org/10.22146/ajse.v3i2.17164

Jen Supriyanto(1*), Sarto -(2), Muhammad Sulaiman(3)

(1) Master of System Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
(2) Master of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
(3) Vocational School of Diploma of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The floating settlement in Margasari is one of the settlements in Kota Balikpapan which is known as a Beach City. PDAM (State Water Company) as the main resource of clean water fulfillment in Balikpapans, needs to needs to be used efficiently. One of the ways is by processing the Greywater which can be reused for toilet flushing in order to support the concept of Zero Waste.

The purpose of this research is to obtain the composition and the potential data of Greywater which is appeared from the data and reusable for the citizens, to find out the effectiveness of the use of Biofilter Reactor as an alternative processing unit of Greywater towards the parameters of pH, BOD, COD, TSS, and NH3-N, and also to identify the citizens’ role potential in processing the Greywater towards the concept of Zero Waste in terms of processing domestic liquid waste.

The Greywater level in Margasari Floating Settlement of Balikpapan with the parameters of BOD of 520,1–840,1 mg/l, COD of 1.562,5–2.450,0 mg/l, TSS of 297,0–1.047,0 mg/l, and NH3-N of 0,0002-16,257 mg/l is still very high. Margasari Floating Settlement of Balikpapan consists of 6.546 people and 1.198 buldings with an average of Greywater potential of each house of 393,42 l/day or 14.139.360 l/month for the whole area, while the average need for toilet flushing in each house is about 264,03 l/day atau sebesar 9.489.081,60 l/month for the whole area. The Biofilter Reactor can be used to process the Greywater for the whole area. The Biofilter Reactor which has an effective volume of 247 liter, has a diameter of the gravel media of 2,5–4 cm with an optimum effectiveness towards the BOD parameter of 86,54%, COD of 82,27%, TSS of 84,60%, and  NH3-N of 19,99%. It can be used to process the greywater from a house consisted of 5 people with a Greywater debt of 0,36 m3/day, average BOD debt of 686,77 mg/l and average TSS of on Margasari Floating Settlement.


Keywords


Margasari Floating Settlement; greywater; biofilter; zerowaste

Full Text:

PDF


References

Alaerts, G., dan Santika, S. S., 1987.Metoda Penelitian Air. Usaha Nasional. Surabaya

Bappeda Balikpapan. 2011. Buku Putih Kota Balikpapan. Pokja AMPL Kota Balikpapan. Balikpapan

Betharia, A.D.S., 2010. Analisis Kinerja Horizontal Bio-Ball Filter untuk Pengolahan “Greywater” (Limbah Domestik). ITS. Surabaya

E.HSU., Cm. Kuo., 2004. Recycling Rates of Waste Home Appliances. Taiwan.

Effendi, Hefni., 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air Bagi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Penerbit Kasnisius. Yogyakarta.

Eriksson, E., Auffarth, K., Henze, M., dan Ledin, A., 2002. Characteristics of Grey Wastewate. Urban Water 4.

Hadiwidodo, M., Oktiawan W Primadani A. R., 2012. Studi Pengaruh Waktu Tinggal dan Pengolahan Ganda terhadap Parameter Amoniak, Nitrit dan Nitrat Lindi dengan Biofilter Sistem Anaerob-Aerob. UNDIP. Semarang.

Jefferson, B., Palmer A., Jeffrey P., Stuetz R., dan Judd ,S., 2004. Greywater characterisation and its impact on the selection and operation of technologies for urban reuse. Water Science and Technology

Kristiyanto, T., 2007. Pengelolaan Persampahan berkelanjutan Berdasarkan Peran serta Masyarakat Kota Kebumen. UNDIP. Semarang

Metcalf dan Eddy., 1991. Wastewater Engineering : Treatment, Disposal, and Reuse. Mc Graw Hill Book Co. Singapore

Metcalf dan Eddy, Inc., 2004. Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Reuse, 4th edition. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

Said, Nusa Idaman dan Ruliasih., 2005. Tinjauan Aspek Teknis Pemilihan Media Biofilter Untuk Pengolahan Air Limbah, BPPT. Jakarta

Saravanan, V., dan Sreekrishnan, T.R., (2006). Modelling Anaerobic Biofilm Reactors: A Review, Journal of Enviromental Management.

Santoso, U., 2009. Penanganan Sampah Untuk Menuju Kota Bersih dan Sehat. http://uripsantoso.wordpress.com, Diakses Tanggal 26 Februari 2014.

Syafrudin, 2006, Buku Ajar Pengelolaan Limbah Padat (Sampah) Perkotaan, Program Modular Magister Teknik Manajemen Prasarana Perkotaan Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ajse.v3i2.17164

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 810 | views : 1014

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering




ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering (AJSE) 
P-ISSN: 2338-2309 || E-ISSN: 2338-2295
Master in Systems Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Jl. Teknika Utara No.3, Barek, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281 
Website: https://journal.ugm.ac.id/ajse
Email: jurnalajse@gmail.com | ajse@ugm.ac.id