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PERENCANAAN INFRASTRUKTUR PERSAMPAHAN TERKAIT MASIFIKASI INDUSTRI KREATIF DAN INDUSTRI DAUR ULANG SKALA KOTA DI KECAMATAN SEBERANG ULU 2, PALEMBANG (Planning Assessment of Waste Infrastructure About Massification of Creative and Recycle Industry on City Scale in Seberang Ulu 2 District, Palembang)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.41040

Sitti Sarifa Kartika Kinasih(1*), Yuwono Aries(2)

(1) Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indo Global Mandiri, Jalan Jend. Sudirman No. 629, Kota Palembang, 30129.
(2) Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indo Global Mandiri, Jalan Jend. Sudirman No. 629, Kota Palembang, 30129.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak

Data-data spider web per kawasan kumuh dalam dokumen Slum Improvement Action Plan (SIAP) 2015-2019 Kota Palembang menunjukkan bahwa permasalahan persampahan merupakan masalah yang hampir dominan dibandingkan 6 indikator lainnya. Untuk itu diperlukan upaya penanganan sampah secara lebih strategis dan masif supaya bermanfaat bagi banyak pihak. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji perencanaan infrastruktur persampahan perkotaan yang terbaik untuk masyarakat dan lingkungan. Analisis tata guna lahan berguna memetakan perkiraan lahan yang masih dapat digunakan untuk membuat bank sampah, pusat daur ulang, sekaligus pusat industri kreatif. Analisis statistik untuk mengetahui respon masyarakat tentang pengelolaan sampah dengan pemilahan dari sumbernya dengan menggunakan sampel sebanyak 377 responden berdasarkan pada tabel Krejcie, dan analisis deskriptif induktif dengan menggunakan data wawancara in depth terhadap stakeholder terkait. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa bank sampah unggul daripada PLTSa karena dapat mendukung circular economy, cenderung menggunakan teknologi bersih, dan dapat membuka lapangan kerja jauh lebih banyak. Manajemen pengelolaan sampah yang terbaik menurut semua perwakilan pemerintah lokal juga adalah bank sampah, daur ulang, dan pengomposan. Terdapat potensi 3 pasar tradisional di Kecamatan Seberang Ulu 2 Palembang yang apabila direnovasi lantai atasnya dapat dimanfaatkan untuk bank sampah. Jumlah TPS ada 3 (berpotensi untuk direvitalisasi menjadi bank sampah). Hal ini penting untuk menjaga estetika kota. Terdapat 41,1% warga yang menyebutkan bahwa kesulitan memilah sampah adalah kurangnya sarana. Masyarakat mendukung bank sampah di lingkungan mereka, 64,5% setuju; 35,5% cukup setuju, 0% tidak setuju. Masyarakat juga seluruhnya setuju memilah sampah apabila ada bank sampah yang terjangkau dari rumah.


Abstract

Webspider data per slum area in Slum Improvement Action Plan (SIAP) 2015-2019 Kota Palembang document shows that waste is a dominant problem compared to 6 other indicators. Therefore, waste management efforts are needed in a more strategic and massive way. This study aims to examine the best urban waste infrastructure planning for communities and the environment. The land-use analysis is useful in mapping the estimated land that can still be used to create garbage banks, recycling centers, as well as creative industrial centers. SPSS analysis to find out public response about waste management by sorting from source using 377 respondents as samples based on Table Krejcie, and inductive descriptive analysis using interview in depth data to relevant stakeholder. This research showed that waste banks better than PLTSa because it tend to use clean technology and can open up more jobs. The best waste management according to all local government representatives is waste bank, recycling, and composting. There are 3 potential traditional markets in Seberang Ulu 2 District Palembang which if the upstairs being renovated can be used for garbage bank. The number of TPS (potentially to be revitalized into waste bank) are 3, this is important because to maintain the aesthetics of the city. There are 41.1% of residents said that the difficulty of sorting waste is lack of facilities. Communities support waste banks in their neighborhood, 64.5% agree; 35.5% quite agree, 0% disagree. Communities entirely agreed to sort out garbage if there is an affordable waste bank from house.


Keywords


industri daur ulang; lahan; masifikasi; pengelolaan sampah; bank sampah; sampah domestik; recycling industry; land; masification; waste management; domestic waste

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.41040

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