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ANALISIS KEBERLANJUTAN PENGELOLAAN TAMAN WISATA ALAM LAUT (TWAL) PULAU WEH BERDASARKAN HUKOM ADAT LAOT (Sustainability Analysis of the Marine Recreational Park (MRP) Management in Weh Island Based on Local Customary Law of the Sea (Hukom Adat Laot)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.23065

Muhammad Aris(1*), Achmad Fahrudin(2), Etty Riani(3), Efin Muttaqin(4)

(1) Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Pesisir dan Lautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga Bogor 16680
(2) Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Pesisir dan Lautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga Bogor 16680
(3) Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Pesisir dan Lautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga Bogor 16680
(4) Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) – Marine Program Indonesia, Jalan Tampomas Ujung No. 35, Babakan, Bogor Tengah – Bogor 16151
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak

Taman Wisata Alam Laut (TWAL) Pulau Weh merupakan kawasan konservasi yang dikelola oleh Badan Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam (BKSDA) Banda Aceh. TWA Laut Pulau Weh terletak di Desa Iboih dan masuk ke dalam Wilayah Hukom Adat Panglima Laot Lhok Iboih. Keberadaan Hukom Adat Laot memberikan dampak secara ekologi, sosial ekonomi, dan tata kelola TWA Laut Pulau Weh. Selain itu, sistem pengelolaan berdasarkan hukum adat dapat dijadikan rujukan dalam menyusun kebijakan atau strategi pengeloaan TWA Laut Pulau Weh ke depan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menghitung dan mengestimasi tingkat keberlanjutan pengelolaan TWA Laut Pulau Weh berdasarkan Hukom Adat Laot Lhok Iboih. Metode yang digunakan adalah multi dimensional scalling (MDS) berdasarkan tiga dimensi yaitu ekologi, sosial ekonomi dan tata kelola. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa dimensi tata kelola dan sosial ekonomi berada pada kategori cukup keberlanjutan dengan indeks 59,98 dan 56,75, sedangkan dimensi ekologi berada pada kategori kurang berkelanjutan dengan indeks 46,94. Indeks dan status keberlanjutan menunjukkan bahwa, sistem pengelolaan berdasarkan Hukom Adat Laot Lhok Iboih pada dimensi tata kelola dan sosial ekonomi cukup memberikan dampak terhadap keberlanjutan pengelolaan TWA Laut Pulau Weh.

Abstract

Marine Recreational Park (MRP) Weh Island is a conservation area managed by Natural Resources Conservation Agency Banda Aceh. The MRP is located at Iboih village and it is also inside the area of local customary Law of the Sea Lhok Iboih. The existence of customary Law of the Sea affects the management of MRP in terms of ecology and social economy. Apart from that, the local customary management system could be used as a reference in finalizing the policy and strategy of the management of MRP Weh Island in the future. The purpose of this research is to calculate and to estimate the sustainability level of the MRP Weh Island management based on customary Law of the Sea Lhok Iboih. The method used is multi dimensional scaling (MDS) that is based on 3 dimensions i.e. ecology, social economy, and management. The analysis result indicates that the dimension of management and social economy are arguably sustainable with index 59.98 and 56.75, while the dimension of ecology falls into less sustainable level with index 46.94. The index and sustainability status indicate that the management system based on customary Law of the Sea Lhok Iboih specifically on the dimension of management and social economy influence the sustainability of MRP Weh Island management.


Keywords


Hukom Adat Laot; taman wisata alam; kawasan konservasi; sistem pengelolaan; status keberlanjutan; customary law of the sea; marine recreational park; conservation area; management system; sustainability status

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.23065

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