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SPECIFIC ALLOCATION FUND FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO INCREASE QUALITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN INDONESIA (Mekanisme Dana Alokasi Khusus Efisiensi Energi dalam Mendukung Perbaikan Lingkungan di Indonesia)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18734

Joko Tri Haryanto(1*)

(1) Centre for Climate Change Financing and Multilateral Policy, Fiscal Policy Office-Ministry of Finance of Indonesia, Jl. Dr Wahidin Raya No 1, Jakarta Pusat.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Related to the climate change and economic development of environmentally friendly (green economy) issues, the President has committed to reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) by 26% on their own sources (BAU), and up to 41% with international support in 2020 through Presidential Decree No. 61 in 2011 about the National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction (RAN-GRK). In addition to regulating the sectors that are considered to be the largest contributor to GHG emissions, the regulation also establishes funding sources RAN-GRK either through the APBN, APBD, as well as a variety of other sources constituted under the legislation. The main research question are; Is specific allocation fund (DAK) can be used to fund energy efficiency?; if so, what procedure should be done? and how monitoring and evaluating of the energy efficiency of the use of DAK ? To answer those questions, researcher using qualitative library research, cross sectional collection of data for intensive analysis, interviews to some leading experts in the field and a number of Focused Group Discussions were also conducted to construct the policy analysis. Based on the analysis of the mechanism of transfer to the regions in Indonesia, it is possible to enlarge of DAK field for energy efficiency by asking Line Minister to proposed mechanism and send to the Ministry of Finance. This can be addressed to support the achievement of environmental friendly activities and reduce the burden of state budget subsidies. Some of things that must be done is to propose the allocation of DAK EE into government programs and to develop a variety of specificized and technical indicators related.

ABSTRAK

Terkait dengan komitmen dalam mengatasi dampak perubahan iklim serta isu pengembangan ekonomi rendah karbon, Pemerintah telah mengesahkan Peraturan Presiden (Perpres) Nomor 61 Tahun 2011 tentang rencana Aksi Nasional Penurunan Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca Nasional (RAN-GRK) tahun 2020 sebesar 26% dengan usaha sendiri dan 41% dengan bantuan pendanaan asing. Dalam Perpres tersebut telah diatur sektor-sektor apa saja yang dianggap menjadi sumber emiten terbesar termasuk sektor energi, sekaligus adanya kewajiban pendanaan APBN/APBD dalam mengatasinya. Di sisi lain, kegiatan efisiensi energi tercatat sebagai salah satu aksi penurunan emisi GRK yang cukup signifikan dalam sektor energi baik untuk bangunan maupun mesin. Sayangnya kegiatan tersebut membutuhkan investasi yang cukup besar. Akibatnya kegiatan efisiensi energy menjadi tidak menarik. Di sinilah peran pendanaan APBN/ APBD menjadi sangat krusial. Terkait dengan pengaturan pengalokasian pendanaan APBN/APBD inilah peran Kemenkeu menjadi sangat vital, khususnya dalam mekanisme pengalokasian Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK) yang menjadi kewenangannya. Dari hasil analisis, mekanisme alokasi DAK ternyata memungkinkan untuk ditujukan bagi pendanaan kegiatan efisiensi energi. Namun demikian, mekanisme yang harus dijalankan lebih difokuskan kepada inisiatif Kementerian/Lembaga (K/L) yang berwenang dalam pengusulan alokasi DAK tersebut.


Keywords


energy conservation; energy efficiency; energy subsidy; green house gas emission; specific allocation fund; dana alokasi khusus; energi efisiensi; emisi gas rumah kaca; konservasi energi; subsidi energi



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18734

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