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KUASA DI WARIS: EKSPLOITASI KELAS UNTUK MEMPEREBUTKAN SUMBERDAYA ALAM (Power of Waris: Class Exploitation for Struggle to Obtain Natural Resources)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18618

Amilda Amilda(1*), P.M. Laksono(2)

(1) Program Studi Antropologi, Jurusan lhnu-ilmu Humaniora UGM Yogyakarta
(2) Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Thesis ini mengkaji konflik kelas antara kelas dominan (Waris) dan masyarakat Kubu dalam mengakses sumberdaya alam. Penelitian ini mempertanyakan mengapa konflik kelas yang mengeksploitasi masyarakat Kuhu masih terus dilakukan. Thesis ini dilakukan secara kualitatif dengan data yang didapat dari wawancara tidak terstruktur dengan orang Kubu dan Waris. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa proses eksploitasi ini terjadi oleh karena klaim orang Waris terhadap tanah. Orang Kubu harus memberikan sebagian dari produk kayunya kepada Waris sebagai bentuk pembayaran pada Waris yang memiliki anak. Orang Kubu berusaha melawan eksploitasi ini dengan menyudutkan orang Waris secara moral dan menrhangun perlawanan dalam bentuk penyelundupan kayu dan penjualan kayu pada pihak lain. Proses perlawanan ini nrembentuk sejarah eksistensi orang Kuhu. Proses eksploitasi antar kelas ini terus berlanjut karena mereka saling membutuhkan. Orang Waris membutuhkan orang Kubu untuk mencukupi kebutuhan mereka, sementara orang Kubu berkepentingan untuk menjaga identitasnya dengan melakukan perlawanan

 

ABSTRACT

This thesis discusses the inter-classes conflict between the waris as the dominant class, and the Kubu People as the subordinate one in their struggle to obtain the access to natural resources. The research is based on the question of why does the class conflict that exploited the Kubu by the waris is still maintained. This thesis is based on a qualitative research, and the data were obtained by using the unstructured interview with the Kubu and the waris. The result of the research shows that the relationship of exploitation between waris and Kubu is based on the claim of the land from the waris in which the Kubu got their income from that so-called waris land. Kubu people have to give a part of their woods-product to the waris as a payment for the protection. Such exploitation happened because the market economic system has widely use in woods product. Kubu People have struggled in facing such exploitation by making some symbols that negating the waris moralities and developing a hidden rebellion such as smokkelen, selling the wood or timber of the waris to another party. Such rebellion had shaped the history of Kubu existence. The relation of class exploitation is still maintained because they need each other. Waris need Kubu to secure their material need, while Kubu have to keep their identity as the ones that produce woods product. And that matter can only be obtained from warisEroles.





DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18618

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