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PENGEMBANGAN METODE SINTESIS FURFURAL BERBAHAN DASAR CAMPURAN LIMBAH PERTANIAN DALAM RANGKA MEWUJUDKAN PRINSIP GREEN CHEMISTRY (Development Of Synthesis Method Of Furfural From Compost Heap Mixture To Reach Out Green Chemistry Principles)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18441

Mitarlis Mitarlis(1*), Ismono Ismono(2), Tukiran Tukiran(3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, State University of Surabaya. Jl. Ketintang Surabaya East Java Indonesia-60231.
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, State University of Surabaya. Jl. Ketintang Surabaya East Java Indonesia-60231.
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, State University of Surabaya. Jl. Ketintang Surabaya East Java Indonesia-60231.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian pengembangan metode sintesis furfural dengan bahan dasar campuran limbah pertanian dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk menentukan waktu pemanasan dan konsentrasi asam optimum serta mewujudkan prinsip green chemistry. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan campuran limbah pertanian ampas tebu, limbah daun nanas dan limbah tanaman jagung dengan perbandingan 1:1:1. Proses sintesis melalui tahap hidrolisis pentosan, dehidrasi, dan siklodehidrasi untuk membentuk furfural dengan menggunakan alat refluks termodifkasi. Identifikasi furfural menggunakan uji warna dengan anilin asetat, uji indeks bias, spektrofotometer UV-Vis, dan IR, serta GC. Analisis pemenuhan prinsip green chemistry menggunakan daftar ceck 12 prinsip green chemstry. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: Waktu pemanasan dan konsentrasi asam sulfat optimum pada pembuatan furfural dari campuran limbah pertanian adalah 5 jam dan konsentrasi asam sulfat 10% (1,876 M) dengan rendemen sebesar 5,58%. Metode sintesis furfural yang dikembangkan dapat memenuhi 11 dari 12 prinsip green chemistry yang telah ditetapkan.


ABSTRACT

The study of developing furfural synthesis method  from  compost heap mixture had been done to determine  optimum condition for this process and  to reach out the green chemistry principles. In this research, the compost heap mixture is from three kinds of compost heap (bagasse, pineapple leaf, waste of corn plant) with same amount (1:1:1). The steps of furfural production process are hydrolysis of pentose by sulfuric acid, dehydration, and cyclodehydration to form furfural. It was produced by using a modification reflux apparatus. Identify of furfural product by  using qualitative analysis color test with aniline acetate, refractive index test, UV-Vis,  IR spectrophotometer, and GC. Green chemistry principles are analyzed by using check list of 12 principles of green chemistry.  Based on this research was obtained that the optimum concentration of sulfuric acid is 10% (1,876M) with 5 hours heating process and 5,58% yield. Furfural synthesis methods had been  developed in this study and reach out only  11 of the 12 principles of green chemistry set. 





DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18441

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