Biosynthesis and Kinetics of Silver Nanoparticles Formation by Reduction using Banana Kepok (Musa balbisiana) Peel Extract

https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.49557

Wara Dyah Pita Rengga(1*), Dhimas Setiawan(2), Khosiatun Khosiatun(3)

(1) Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, UNNES, Semarang, Indonesia
(2) Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, UNNES, Semarang, Indonesia
(3) Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, UNNES, Semarang, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Biosynthesis and silver nanoparticles formation during the reduction of AgNO3
were carried out by using an aqueous peel extract of banana kepok (Musa balbisiana) as
a stabilizing agent. The formation of the stable silver nanoparticles with different
concentration of AgNO3 has resulted in mostly spherical particles. The Ultraviolet-Visible
spectrophotometer, Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffractometer were used
to characterize these biosynthesized silver nanoparticles. The spherical shaped
nanoparticles were uniformly distributed with the range diameter of 5 to 50 nm and the
particles were naturally crystallized with the crystal structure of the face-centered cubic
geometry. Additionally, the kinetics of the formation process of silver nanoparticles was
observed by the UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Based on the kinetic functions, the reduction
process of banana peel extract had a constant formation rate of the autocatalytic process
at 4.35 x 10-4
/s.


Keywords


peel extract, banana kapok, silver nanoparticle, kinetic of formation, biosynthesis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.49557

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