Model Multisensori: Solusi Stimulasi Literasi Anak Prasekolah

Lisnawati Ruhaena

Abstract


This research aimed to develop a model of literacy stimulation for preschool children in order to meet their needs and to overcome parents’ problems in stimulating literacy in their children at home. The data of children’s needs and parents’ problem were obtained from questionnaires and focus group discussion. The questionnaires were filled by 75 mothers whose children aged 3-5 years old in Surakarta. Then, 26 of them attended focused group discussion. The data obtained showed that there was a problem in these children’s early literacy development. Most of them were lack of interest in literacy activities and most of the parents were unable to attract their children’s attention and interest. The problem faced by the parents was the lack of skill in selecting and doing literacy activities in accordance with their children’s needs. A multisensory model was designed to improve pre-school children’s interest in early development of literacy and to increase parents’ skill in stimulating their children’s interest.
Keywords: multisensory model, early literacy, preschool children

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan model stimulasi literasi anak prase-kolah untuk memenuhi kebutuhan anak dan mengatasi masalah orang tua dalam upayanya melakukan stimulasi literasi anak prasekolah di rumah. Data kebutuhan anak dan masalah orang tua diperoleh dari kuesioner dan diskusi kelompok terarah. Kuesioner diisi oleh 75 ibu yang memiliki anak usia 3-5 tahun, anggota posyandu dan tinggal di kota Surakarta. Selanjutnya 26 orang dari 75 orang ibu tersebut, mengikuti diskusi kelompok terfokus. Data yang dikumpulkan menunjukkan bahwa anak memiliki kebutuhan untuk mendapat stimulasi literasi yang menarik perhatian dan menggugah minat mereka terhadap kegiatan literasi. Masalah yang dihadapi orang tua adalah kurangnya keteram¬pilan untuk memilih dan melakukan aktivitas literasi anak yang sesuai kebutuhan anaknya. Oleh karena itu dikembangkan model stimulasi yang bersifat multisensoris (audio, visual, dan kinestetik) agar perhatian dan minat anak meningkat.
Kata kunci: model multisensori, kemampuan literasi anak prasekolah

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DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.6942

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